it also include a new ethical reference point, Christ’s own love ethics as his new commandment. Some years ago l attempted to compare African Traditional Religion, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and it can be a good food . The evangelistic mandate of Christianity and the very nature of Jehovah God encompasses all ethnic groups on the planet. It prompted me to write this article and to implore my beliefs as a pan-African who has seen it all: Christianity and African traditional religion. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. While in Zimbabwe in May this year, I engaged in a discussion about the effects of Christianity and colonialism on the country, only to be told by a close friend that Christianity and colonisation were God’s way of linking Africa (technology) with the rest of the world because without it, my friend reasoned, Africans would be hiding in caves each time aeroplanes (from Europe) passed over us as they would not understand what would be happening. Christianity has been abused by many white people, for example, the first British slave ship that carried slaves ( black people) from Sierra Leone to the Americas in the 1560s, was called SS Jesus ( Steam Ship Jesus), — or the Good Ship Jesus; named after Jesus Christ. At least she acknowledged that she was praying to the God of Abraham (Jews) and not hers. If God created men and women in his own image, I am persuaded to believe that there is no way I would share the same God with white people because I am black. Instead of God keeping his distance from man, He, throughout history and today reaches down in love to draw humans toward him. Christianity in Africa and in most parts of Africa (even in India) was a precursor of colonisation. Hence, it cannot be avoided in the interaction between Christianity and African Traditional Religion. Seeing encounters between Christianity and African traditional religions as valuable, rather than hostile, is a complicated process, but Mbiti in the book says it is taking place. Christianity was, and is used to oppress and exploit black people by those who base African enslavements on Genesis Chapter 9: 20-27. In christianity Christ came and became a sacrificial lamb in order to appease God on behalf of mankind and in traditional African religion, they also offer animals and sometimes humans in order … As in most of sub-Saharan Africa, ATR is the indigenous religion … The Africans inhabit a much bigger universe, and therefore they do not see this clear line of demarcation between the material / the spiritual, the visible/ the invisible, and so forth. They believe that black people are the descendants of Ham (Canaan’s father), who, after seeing his father (Noah) naked, did nothing to cover him. The London Missionary Society, through Robert and Mary Moffat and their son-in-law David Livingstone were successful in bringing protestant faith to Zimbabwe, which was immediately followed by colonisation. Introduction Three religions dominates African continent: ATR, Islam and Christianity. Many African Christians have continued to participate in traditional religious rituals; they have also continued to consult traditional healers. Main Differences: Marriage is considered a sacrament in Christianity while it is not so in Islam. Therefore, Christianity is not a religion. Introduction This is a study about the Encounters between Christianity and the African Traditional Religions (ATR) in Fante funeral practices. For many years that followed I despised my true name in favour of a British Queen’s name. In this final part of the summary lectures of African Traditional Religion, our goal is now to engage in the Christian interaction with this material. African Traditional Religions are specific to each ethnic group on the continent. Traditional healers were regarded as heathens because of their participation in African Traditional Religion. Both Christianity and African traditional religion believes that the Supreme Being is … There is no one “African Traditional; Religion”, there are many, and Christianity could be said to be one of them, since it has been in Africa as long as it has been in Europe, and almost as long as it has been in Asia. Therefore we speak of African Traditional Religion thinking of those common things. (viii) Traditional African marriage is an alliance between two families but the Christian marriage is a union of a man and a woman. Points of Contrast between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. practices long cherished by the African for example the killing of the enemy, an eye for an eye, immorality, idol worship, etc. Christianity and colonisation were inevitable, my friend suggested. The African Traditional Religion has no founder. However, after living in the UK (and experiencing racism), I realised how colonialism had affected my mentality, and to emancipate myself from mental slavery, I picked up my African name from the dustbin, dusted it and embraced it again. Both Christianity and African traditional religion believes that the Supreme Being is good, There is a difference in the severity of a sin if it is something done to someone of your same ethnic group and someone of another group. Christians base their entire faith on the existence of life beyond the physical. Their number of differences will be mentioned below. Ancestral spirits and lesser gods are usually the primary communicants with humans on earth. In African Traditional Religion one can be possessed in order to gain some privileged knowledge. on account of the persistent marginalisation of African Traditional Religion (ATR) in Sierra Leone by Islam and Christianity, to investigate the place of ATR in inter-religious encounters in the country since the advent of Islam and Christianity. Although the majority of Africans today are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. Moreover, Muslim men are allowed to have up to four wives in marriage at a time while polygamy is not allowed in Christianity. The paper bore that title, but when later the speech found its way into the International Christian Digest, it bore the title "Ways to Confront Africa's Primal Religions." Since Christianity came in contact with the traditional religion, there has always been a sharp conflict between traditionalists and Christians. In both religions the personalities in the seen and unseen realms interact with each other. Often they blend together either Christianity or Islam with their traditional beliefs, creating a hybrid religion that is distinctly African. l however left out celibacy, which is featring now prominently. African Traditional Religions are specific to each ethnic group on the continent. This statement is relevant to the way the Church should deal with traditional African beliefs. 10 CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1. Thus, Africans who became Christians were discouraged by the church from taking part in African traditional religious rituals and from consulting traditional healers. It is best distinguished as ATR. Christians are also supposed to be able to speak with the God, praying to Him, asking for help for people they love. Christianity is different from all other religions. It contains a lot of brief, yet informative articles about different aspects of Islam. Engagement is not of any religious importance in Islam but it is an important pre-marriage ceremony for Christians. Differences between Christianity and traditional African beliefs and customs (Exodus 20:3-5,Hebrews 10:8-10) 1. In 1976 I was baptised in the Methodist Church (John Wesley) so that I would get a place to commence primary school education at a Methodist run school in then Sabi North Tribal Trust Land (TTL). Christ is the Mediator between Humans and God … (ix) A traditional African marriage may be dissolved on certain grounds, but the Christian marriage is a life-long union. Hosted by Word Associates, Inc. that I struggle to write without using auto-correct. Once upon a time I was a Christian, born to Christian practising parents. This is an explanation of what Islam and Christianity believe about the Scriptures, the Prophets and the Trinity. African traditional religion and Christianity in a changing world: issues in comparative religion by Joseph S. Gbenda, 1997; African Traditional Religion in South Africa: An Annotated Bibliography by David Chidester This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 03:55 (UTC). New York: First When I refused to take the pamphlet she rebuked me and asked her living God to strike me down because I was an angel of darkness. There is an urgent need for dialogue between Christianity and African Indigenous Religion (AIR), because the present version of Christianity and the increase in the membership of AIR is alarming. New York: First 7 Differences Between Christianity & Eastern Religions. There is a slight difference in how African Traditional Religion advocates it than Islam and Christianity. African Traditional Religion has grown out of the African soil. As in most of sub-Saharan Africa, ATR is the indigenous religion of Sierra Leone. between Christianity and African Traditional Religion. Islam and Baha'i are wrong, because they follow men who claim to have been greater than the Christ. CHRISTIANITY AND AFRICAN CULTURE: A QUESTION OF EITHER…OR? He is not only the covenant giver He gives the power to keep the covenant. This is because African Traditional Religion is a natural religion while Islam and Christianity are salvation religions. It has become customary in modern times to discuss the history of African Christianity focusing only on the period dating back to the colonial days. Similar to Christianity, Islam is also a monotheistic religion, which has the prophet Muhammad and his teachings as its focal point. (ix) A traditional African marriage may be dissolved on certain grounds, but the Christian marriage is … The Christian message calls people out of earthly kingdoms into the Kingdom of God. This is not only the sign of being "sons of God" but a source of power and comfort to Christians. African Traditional Religions are still practiced today, along with Christianity and Islam. between Christianity and African Traditional Religion. There is a slight difference in how African Traditional Religion advocates it than Islam and Christianity. I don’t blame them because they will be visualising a white God who created them in his own white image. In African Traditional Religion when a spirit possesses a person there are negative consequences. “Hakusi kubatsira vamwe tichivanamatira here? The Biblical teaching of a single judgment and then everlasting rest or punishment of the soul. Today, it has more than 1.7 billion followers, making it the second largest religious belief after Christianity. Christians base their entire faith on the existence of life beyond the physical. But she never gave those pamphlets to white people: only blacks passing near her. The evangelistic mandate of Christianity and the very nature of Jehovah God encompasses all ethnic groups on the planet. African traditinal religion has always been pushed to the backstage and has been degraded and abused by us Afrricans and its the same all ova da world where the old tolerant religions have been dropped becuz of d monotheistic fanatical islam n christianity. In the African context, the wall doesn’t exist. While both Christianity and African religion have a concept of a Supreme Being, Christians believe in a God who exists in three persons. Although the majority of Africans today are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. Sadly though a lot of my Christian friends believe in this curse! African traditional religion versus Christianity, The big lie surrounding the Royal Charter, US-Africa Summit: America bids to counter China, Over mediation…the growing gap between messaging and engagement, COVID-19, immunity myth …the folly plays on, African women and the significance of a head-wrap (Dhuku), African countries in the Bible …let the maps speak. While Christianity (Catholic) in Zimbabwe was first introduced by the Portuguese, in particular Goncalo da Silveira in the 16th century to the Munhumutapa Empire, it was short-lived and Goncalo da Silveira was later strangled to death in 1561. Changing Views of Traditional African Religion •In late 19th century and early 20th, Europeans and Americans tended to view traditional African religion as an inferior, primitive form of religion •Since mid 20th c., there is increasing respect for traditional African religion, after African nations overthrew colonialism, gained Christianity Vs. Igbo Religion Christianity No Written Works Polytheistic Worship idols (objects) Imperfections are Evil Spirits Igbo Written Works Monotheistic God is Head of church There is no Fear through God Citations • Achebe, Chinua. Christ is the Mediator between … Adherents of traditional religions in sub-Saharan Africa are distributed among 43 countries and are estimated to number over 100 million.. Christ is the Mediator between Humans and God “We say the Almighty Creator, who is neither male nor female,” she said. Existence is lived in wholeness of those two realities. In 1986 I was invited to speak at an American college on "The Role of African Traditional Religion in the Development of Christian Theology." Funerals are a major tradition among the Fantes in Ghana, and it has been … The evangelistic mandate of Christianity and the very nature of Jehovah God encompasses all ethnic groups on the planet. Here are 21 major differences as I see it, and do understand this is simply what I believe – I’m not declaring doctrine for the LDS Church. The missionary version of Christianity accepted by Africans can be described as hypocritical Things Fall Apart. My friend, an ardent feminist, says she is comfortable with African traditional religion because it does not assign a gender to God. It is difficult to separate African medicine from African religion. l however left out celibacy, which is featring now prominently. African traditional religion and Christianity in a changing world: issues in comparative religion by Joseph S. Gbenda, 1997; African Traditional Religion in South Africa: An Annotated Bibliography by David Chidester This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 03:55 (UTC). The evangelistic mandate of Christianity and the very nature of Jehovah God encompasses all ethnic groups on the planet. Noah then cursed Ham, saying: “Cursed be Canaan; A slave of slaves shall he be to his brothers. The Africans inhabit a much bigger universe, and therefore they do not see this clear line of demarcation between the material / the spiritual, the visible/ the invisible, and so forth. The paper bore that title, but when later the speech found its way into the International Christian Digest, it bore the title "Ways to Confront Africa's Primal Religions." The understanding of God normally needs some refining when one comes from African Traditional Religion to be a Christian. As I mentioned several times, missionaries came into the African context and the early assessment was a negative assessment of African Traditional Religion. In African Traditional Religions there is no division between the seen and the unseen realms. Basis of Sanctification. The will of God, as revealed in the Bible, is that all people be forgiven and saved through the sacrifice of his son. Christ Jesus, God's own son, takes the "groaning" of humans to God. While Christianity (Catholic) in Zimbabwe was first introduced by the Portuguese, in particular Goncalo da Silveira in the 16th century to the Munhumutapa Empire, it was short-lived and Goncalo da Silveira was later strangled to death in … Seeing encounters between Christianity and African traditional religions as valuable, rather than hostile, is a complicated process, but Mbiti in the book says it is taking place. on account of the persistent marginalisation of African Traditional Religion (ATR) in Sierra Leone by Islam and Christianity, to investigate the place of ATR in inter-religious encounters in the country since the advent of Islam and Christianity. Sin in African Traditional Religion is mostly concerned with transgression of morals or community norms. The original religions of Africa “are not static”; according to Mayo, “contacts with Christian and Islamic traditions have brought about transformations and syncretism of all three” a perfect example of … Different fathers played a role in the development of this religion. Belief in the Trinity . Since Christianity came in contact with the traditional religion, there has always been a sharp conflict between traditionalists and Christians. This article concerned itself with the modern encounter between Christianity and African Indigenous Religion (AIR) in Africa. Among the Baganda and and Africans, some priests and priestrasses lived a celibate life just like the ROman Catholic … The Christian message calls people out of earthly kingdoms into the Kingdom of God. In African Traditional Religions there is no division between the seen and the unseen realms. By. The issue of the relationship between the Christian faith and traditional beliefs and practices has been an important consideration since the very early days of the Church. The Bible was used as a tool to pacify Africans and to make them docile. LAST week I saw a post from a young Zimbabwean male on social media, which read: “Kuziva mbuya huudzwa, ndiri murima macomrades. It is not brought from outside. African Traditional Religions are specific to each ethnic group on the continent. Both faith traditions have established a deep rapport around their fundamental element - God, he writes. This is called the Trinity. The evangelistic mandate of Christianity and the very nature of Jehovah God encompasses all ethnic groups on the planet. The Christian message calls people out of earthly kingdoms into the Kingdom of God. Some years ago l attempted to compare African Traditional Religion, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and it can be a good food . Among the Baganda and and Africans, some priests and priestrasses lived a celibate life just like the ROman Catholic Church and partly by… In other words, many African Christians have dual membershipCmembership in the Christian church and membership in African religion. It evolved through many centuries, before the westerner come to Africa. African traditional religion was in line with the taboos while in Christianity worship is in line with the ten commandments. (viii) Traditional African marriage is an alliance between two families but the Christian marriage is a union of a man and a woman. The growth in interest for this is also because many are hungry to pursue spirituality beyond the confines of traditional religion (which in the West happens to be Christianity) in search for something diverse, mysterious, cultural, expressive, and foreign. Romans, otherwise, only had sacrificial rituals to avoid gods’ anger. Judaism is true revelation, but, with incomplete revelation. This is the next difference between two religions: Romans had mythological gods, whereas Christian God is believed to be truly existent. 5. On the day of my baptism I was given a new name, Elizabeth, and Sarudzayi (which I had been called since birth) became obsolete as it was considered a pagan name. They associate holiness with white and evil with black, and sadly though, we follow the same. The answer to this is both simple and complex. Brief Account of ATR and Christianity: African Traditional Religion (ATR) Man’s search for God has led to many pathways. it also include a new ethical reference point, Christ’s own love ethics as his new commandment. In addition most churches, if not all, have a tendency to hang portraits of a white Jesus Christ (blue eyed and straight nose) and a white Mary (his mother). Adherents of traditional religions in sub-Saharan Africa are distributed among 43 countries and are estimated to number over 100 million.. Islam and Christianity are thought of as two monolithic religions. In the Christian reality sin is against and in rebellion to God. Most African traditional religions (other than Christianity) are clan based — they are based on ancestor … In christianity, they believe that God is the alpha and omega, and in traditional African religion, they also believe the same. In 1986 I was invited to speak at an American college on "The Role of African Traditional Religion in the Development of Christian Theology." The result has been the enormous diversity of religious expressions found world-wide today from the endless variety of Hinduism to the monotheism of Judaism, Islam and Christianity and to oriental … The nature of the two classes of religions are very different from each other. Both faith traditions have established a deep rapport around their fundamental element - God, he writes. So that’s the first big difference between the African … Differences between African Traditional Religion and Christianity African traditinal religion has always been pushed to the backstage and has been degraded and abused by us Afrricans and its the same all ova da world where the old tolerant religions have been dropped becuz of d monotheistic fanatical islam n christianity. He was tempted in all the ways men were so is a sympathetic mediator. It is a global framework of life, encompassing every human situation and governing the whole of society. Traditional African religion, aside from the disconcerting diversity of its actual forms of expression, is in reality much more than (those) in the west mean by the term «religion». The nature of the two classes of religions are very different from each other. This bitter conflict has led to wanton destruction of lives and property, and this has become a source of great worry to the writers. Text is available under the Creative … Sacrifices are offered in African Traditional Religion in order placate, appease, or ask favors of the spirits. In the African context, the wall doesn’t exist. And I don’t know why an experienced writer like myself finds Christianity as the only English word (or is it English?) “Blessed by the Lord my God be Shem; and let Canaan be his slave. No longer was reference made to African culture, it became barbarism. One day as I walked in Coventry Town I came across a Pentecostal woman distributing pamphlets about a deliverance ceremony at her church. The Bible was used as a tool to pacify Africans and to make them docile. “In the name of Jesus and my living God of Abraham, I pray for the day you will come beg me woooooo to pray for you…!” They are often offered when a wrong is committed. similarities between the traditional beliefs of Africans in Africa. The original religions of Africa “are not static”; according to Mayo, “contacts with Christian and Islamic traditions have brought about transformations and syncretism of all three” a perfect example of the triple heritage of Africa[5]. Conflict is a universal phenomenon that is inevitable in human interaction. None of them hold that the spirit of the Creator God indwells humans. This attempt to destroy African religion … “God enlarge Japheth, and let him dwell in the tents of Shem; and let Canaan be his slave.” “Kuchechi ndinoenda asi ndiri katsi yakatakurirwa musaga.” Christian worship is done in churches while African traditional religion, worship is done in sacred places for example shrines and caves, under trees, grave yards. Christ is the Mediator between … “VaChivaura varimowo here mumusha vatibatsirewo kwakatangira chitendero chemuBhaibhheri uye kwakabva neBhaibheri nekuti matambudziko atiinawo nhasi tikaateedza ane hochekoche neBhaibheri iro Bhaibheri richinzi rinouyisa rugare…ndinoenda hangu kuchechi asi zvinondinetsa sandi nzira yemuuyi here iyi? I am yet to see mupositori akapfeka a black gown. African Traditional Religions are specific to each ethnic group on the continent. African Traditional Religions are still practiced today, along with Christianity and Islam. The issue of the relationship between the Christian faith and traditional beliefs and practices has been an important consideration since the very early days of the Church. This article concerned itself with the modern encounter between Christianity and African Indigenous Religion (AIR) in Africa. This is because African Traditional Religion is a natural religion while Islam and Christianity are salvation religions. According to the Greek myths and documents concerning their gods, the deities are constantly committing adultery, flying into passionate rage, or doing other irrational human-like things. In both religions the personalities in the seen and unseen realms interact with each other. While Mormons and Christians believe in many of the same things, and both require great faith to keep those beliefs, there are differences between what I believe is Mormonism and other Christians. Differences between African Traditional Religion and Christianity In those days, most education for Africans in Zimbabwe was offered by Churches hence we had to belong to one denomination or another in order to access education. The origin is in the 7 th century in Mecca and it quickly gained ground in the Arabian Peninsula and other regions. Christianity promises that the Holy Spirit of God comes into the lives of all believers. As the crew read the Bible and prayed, in the ship’s deck, thousands of black people were chained to each other, starved and beaten while women and young girls were raped. Many forms of African Traditional Religion teach that after death, humans can be born back into the realm of the living. Ham’s brothers Shem and Japheth took a garment and covered their naked father. Religion is closely bound up with the traditional way of African life; therefore, religion has shaped the lives of Africans, at the same time life has shaped religion as well. African Traditional Religions are specific to each ethnic group on the continent. Changing Views of Traditional African Religion •In late 19th century and early 20th, Europeans and Americans tended to view traditional African religion as an inferior, primitive form of religion •Since mid 20th c., there is increasing respect for traditional African religion, after African nations overthrew colonialism, gained Things Fall Apart. Christianity in Africa and in most parts of Africa (even in India) was a precursor of colonisation. They often communicate, yet do not carry the desires of humans to the Creator God. And the tendency of Africans to use colonial languages as a medium of communication with God makes me wonder if indeed they will be praying to their rightful God. This statement is relevant to the way the Church should deal with traditional African beliefs. Christianity Vs. Igbo Religion Christianity No Written Works Polytheistic Worship idols (objects) Imperfections are Evil Spirits Igbo Written Works Monotheistic God is Head of church There is no Fear through God Citations • Achebe, Chinua. This website is for people of various faiths who seek to understand Islam and Muslims. This bitter conflict has led to wanton destruction of lives and property, and this has become a source of great worry to … First you must understand that Africa is a continent with with most diverse group of people in the World. 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