He then assumed the title of ‘Ghazi’. Akbar Nama has three volumes. His grandson, Akbar, was considered as the greatest Mughal Emperor. 1526 – Babur established Mughal dynasty in India. In the 17th century, mansabdar of 1,000 Zat or above was ranked as nobles. TNPSC History Study Materials for Group 4, Group 1, Group 2, Group 2A & others. PDF download free. He faced revolts in Bundelkhand after usurping the throne after his fathers daeath. In 1555, Humayun defeated the Surs, but died a year later. Whenever a courtier met with the emperor, he had to offer nazr (a small amount of money) or peshkash (a large amount of money). Akbar abolished the discriminating pilgrimage tax in 1563 and Jizya in 1564. Babur took over the Lodhi capital of Agra. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Chapter 10. In 1585 the capital was shifted to Lahore to bring the North-West in control and to watch the frontier. Babur was driven from Farghana by the warring Uzbeks. Akbar was curious about Christianity and the first Jesuit mission reached the Mughal Court at Fatehpur Sikri in 1580. Jalaluddin Akbar (1556-1605) was the greatest of all the Mughal emperors. Name any two sources to reconstruct the Age of the Mughals. Divine theory of kingship: The king was believed as the representative of god, acquired his powers from him and therefore had to be obeyed. This document is highly rated by … Class 7 History Notes Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. King was a divinely inspired individual who had supreme sovereignty over his people and complete control over his enemies. He allowed his Hindu wives to worship their own gods. 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These concepts are discussed at length in Chapter 4 of CBSE Class 7 History. NCERT Solutions for Class 7. He originally formed Turki and his family belongs to Mughal.Daulat Khan Lodhi, Alam Khan, and Rana Sanga … The capital cities of the Mughals frequently shifted during the 16th and 17th centuries. Akbar designed mansab system which established spiritual relationships with a select band of his nobility by treating them as his disciples. Polygamy was practised widely by the ruling class. But he died in six months after falling from stairs of his library. The Mir Bakshi supervised the corps of court writers who recorded all applications and documents of courts. The Mughal household consisted of the emperor’s wives and concubines, his near and distant relatives (mother, step-and foster-mothers, sisters, daughters, daughters-in-law, aunts, children, etc) and female servants and slaves. Answer: The author of Ain-i-Akbari is Abul Fazal. They appointed court historians to write on accounts of their achievements. Grand titles were adopted by the Mughal emperors at the time of coronation or after a victory. The authors of Mughal chronicles were invariably courtiers. According to Abu’l Fazl, the Mughal emperor had the responsibility to protect the Jan, Mai, names and din of his subject. A list of all the chapters covered in the online study material in the course is given above. Find NCERT notes on Babur as a part of BYJU'S Medieval Indian History notes for UPSC 2021 preparation. Imperial Kitabkhana were the main centres for the creation of manuscripts. He also constructed Buland Darwaza here after the victory in Gujarat. Babur wrote his memoirs in Tuzuk-i-Baburi in Turki language, describing the flora and fauna of India. The Badshah Nama was written by Abul Hamid Lahori about the reign of Shahjahan. His deccan policy ruined the treasury of the Mughal empire. Answer: Ain-i-Akbari and Akbamamah. 1563 – Akbar abolished the pilgrimage tax. Land was measured and tax was collected to about 1/3rd ogf the produce. The forms of salutation to the ruler indicated the person’s status in the hierarchy. Babur used them effectively in the first battle of Panipat. He defeated ibrahim lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 and established Mughal rule in India. Revision Notes for the The Mughal Empire, CBSE Class 7 SOCIAL SCIENCE, Our Pasts Ii. He introduced new coins called as ‘dams’ which remained in circulation til 1835. After Sher Shah, his successors ruled till Humayun invaded in 1555. Later Mughals were not very powerful or influential. This document is highly rated by Class 7 students and has been viewed 7140 times. Chronicles: It is a continuous chronological record of events. Mansabdar: All royal officers were known as mansabdars. Every volume contained information of ten lunar years. Fire arms were used for the first This rank was not hereditary. Muhammad Husayn of Kashmir was one of the finest calligraphers at Akbar’s court who was honoured with the title ‘Zarrin Kalam’ (Golden pen). Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire with Answers Pdf free download. Under Bahadur Shah II, the mughal empire came to a formal end. Download CBSE Class 7 Social Science The Mughal Empire Notes in pdf, Social Science chapter notes, class notes mind maps formulas Revision Notes CBSE Class 7 Social Science - The Mughal Empire. The emperor began his day at sunrise with personal religious devotions and then appeared on a small balcony, the jharoka for the view (darshan) of his subjects. He defeated ibrahim lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 and established Mughal rule in India. Selina History ICSE Solutions Class 9 Chapter 10 The Mughal Empire. He ruled for five years but organized the administratin in a brillant manner. Once the emperor sat on the throne, no one was permitted to move from his position without permission. He began the system of local responsibility for local crimes. Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire. The best app for CBSE students now provides Kings and Chronicles class 12 Notes History latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school based annual examinations. His original name was Zahiruddin Muhammad. Many important works in Persian were produced in Akbar’s reign, notably by Abul Fazl, who wrote Ain-i-Akbari and Akbarnamah.Many other Mughal courtiers, during the reign of Akbar and his successors, also wrote many works, or translated many Hindu classics into Persian. The Safavid kings and the Mughal Emperors patronised the finest artists like Bihzad, Mir Sayyid Ali, Abdus Samad, etc. The Akbar Nama written by Abu’l Fazl is divided into three books, of which the third one is Ain-i Akbari which provided a detailed description of Akbar’s regime. All books in Mughal India were handwritten manuscripts and were kept in Kitabkhana . Shahjahan’s daughter Jahanara took part in many architectural planning of new capital of the empire, Shahjahanbad. The Jesuit accounts are based on personal observation and shed light on the character and mind of the emperor. Many Rajput rulers married their daughters into Mughal families to gain position in the Mughal courts. Abu’l Fazl described the ideal of Sulh-i kul (absolute peace) as the cornerstone of enlightened rule. He defeated the Shia Sultans of Bijapur, Golconda eliminatng the Kutb Shahi dynasty. Rana Pratap was defeated by the Mughal army in 1576. Let’s look at the Mughal Empire in detail. The titles like Asaf Khan, Mirza Raja were given to the nobles. scriptorium. News reports and important official documents travelled across the Mughal Empire by imperial post which included round-the-clock relays of foot-runners (qasid or pathmar) carried papers rolled up in bamboo containers. All Mughal government officials held rank with two designation—zat and sawar. Get The Mughal Empire, History Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. It gives us a glimpse into the domestic world of Mughals. He invited scholars of all religions for consultations. The main reference material for this post is NCERT History text for Class 7 (Our past -1). What information does Abul […] From the latter half of the 16th century, the Mughals expanded their kingdom from Agra and Delhi, until in the 17th century they controlled nearly all of the subcontinent. Humayun conquered his lost empire back from Afghans. CBSE Notes. In chapter 4: You must have learn about the Mughal Empire. Revision Notes Class 7 Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire Babur (1526-1530) was the first Mughal emperor, who became the ruler of old Delhi by defeating Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526. 1528 – defeated the Rajputs at Chanderi; His original name was Zahiruddin Muhammad. The Mughal dynasty was founded by Bābur (reigned 1526–30). 1589 – Babur Nama was translated in Persian and Abu’l Fazl wrote the Akbar Nama. He expanded and consolidated his empire making it the largest, strongest and richest. The Selina History Chapter 10 The Mughal Empire Solutions Class 9 focus on answering the questions in the right way to encourage students to fetch full marks in the examination. Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. The monarchs of the Mughal Empire considered themselves as legitimate rulers of vast Indian sub-continent. Nov 20, 2020 - Notes : The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 7. He had reintroduced Jaziya and pilgrim tax. the Afghans marched on delhi soon after he assumed throne under Hemu. In 1527 A.D., Babur defeated rana sanga in the battle of Kanwa. After Auragzeb, the Mughal empire began to decline rapidly. To manage the vast empire and organize the army, Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system. 1648 – Shahjahanabad became the new capital of the Mughal Empire. These texts clearly depicted the policies of Mughal Empire which they sought to impose on their domain. The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes Social Science History Chapter 4 Babur (1526-1530) was the first Mughal emperor, who became the ruler of old Delhi by defeating Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526. Fig. After Noor Jahan, Mughal queens and princesses began to control significant financial resources. With these liberal ideas, the Mughal rulers could effectively controlled the heterogeneous population of Indian sub-continent for a century and a half. Only the main points from the chapters are compiled below. It mainly focuses of the empire of Akbar. Abu’l Fazl described painting as a ‘magical art’, but the production of painting was largely criticised by the Ulama, as it was prohibited by the Quran as well as by the ‘hadis’. Under Akbar, the Land revenue system was established known as Zabi / BAndobast systemThis sytem was further improved by Raja Todarmal. In Chapter 3 of Class 8 NCERT book: Delhi Sultans you must have learnt about Delhi Empire. the Jharokha in East direction. From the latter half of the 16 th century the Mughals expanded their kingdom from Agra and Delhi and until in the 17 th century they controlled nearly the entire subcontinent.. 2. Paper-makers required to prepare folio of manuscripts, calligrapher copied the text, gilders illuminated the pages, painter illustrated the scene from the text, bookbinders collected the individual folios and set them within ornamental covers. Court histories of the Mughals were written in Persian language in the 10th /17th centuries came from different parts of the subcontinents and they are now the Indian languages. Akbar commissioned the construction of a white marble tomb for Shaikh Salim Chisthi at Sikri. PDF download free. Gulbadan Begum wrote Humayun Nama. Class 12 History Notes Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts Chronicles of the Mughal Emperor provides us valuable informations about the institution of Mughal state. Persian became Indianised by absorbing local idioms. It left a political legacy, which the succeeding rulers of the subcontinent could not ignore. The Mughals were descendants of the Turkish ruler Timur on the paternal side. Iranian Sufi thinker Suhrawardi developed the idea that there was a hierarchy in which the Divine Light was transmitted to the king who then became the source of spiritual guidance for his subjects. He assumed the title of Almgir. From Sonargaon to Sind, From Agra to Burhampur, from Jodhpur to Chittor and from Lahore to Multan. ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics – The Mughal Empire ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions EXERCISES Question 1. In sulh-i kul all religions and schools of thought had freedom of expression but they did not undermine the authority of the state or fight among themselves. It also has … For initial five years, Bairam Khan consolidated the empire for him. Urdu sprang from the interaction of Persian with Hindavi. Akbar also introduced the Mansabdari System, where every officer was assigned a mansab(rank). MCQ Questions for Class 7 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. Dec 21, 2020 - NCERT Textbook - The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. In first ten years to his rule, he lead many military campaigns. In Mughal Court, status was determined by spatial proximity to the king. He fought two battles against Sher Shah, the afgan leader at Chausa and Kannauj, where he was completely defeated. The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes Social Science History Chapter 4 CBSE Class 7 History Chapter 4 Notes Understanding The Lesson. After three years of his assession ,his beloved wife died in 1631, he built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Mumtaj Mahal at Agra. The founder was Sher Shah. The creation of a manuscript involved paper makers, scribes or calligraphers, gilders, painters, bookbinders, etc. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE OUR PASTS – II 48 Table 1 mughal emperors Major campaigns and events 1526 – defeated Ibrahim Lodi and his Afghan supporters at Panipat. Painters played an important role in the creation of Mughal manuscripts. Many Rajput rulers married their daughters into Mughal families to gain position in the Mughal courts. It is divided into five books/sections. Sulh-i-kul: It is state policy of religious tolerance. Mughal history is known through literary and archaeological sources. Jharokha darshan was introduced by Akbar. It gives a historical account of the first decade of Aurangzeb’s rule. Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 7 History Chapter 4 – The Mughal Empire Quick revision notes. These revolts were a result of his harsh religious policy. This removed the barrier between the Maraths and the mughasl and confrontations began. He also built the Mosoleum at Sasaram, one of the asterpieces of indian Architecture. In Mughal period, the nobility was recruited from diverse ethnic and religious group. In 1648, under the rule of Shah Jahan, the capital was transferred to Shahjahanabad with the Red Fort, the Jama Masjid, the Chandni Chowk and spacious homes for the nobility.  Mughal Empire (1526 A.D.-1857 A.D.) Babur- His actual name was Zahiruddin Mohammed, son of Omar Sheikh Mirza, the king of Ferghana in Afghanistan. Still the Mughal empire continued till the 1857 revolt. Sir Thomas Roe, a representative of King James I of England also came to his court seeking permission o establish trading port at Surat. Hadis described life event of prophet Muhammad which restricted the deception of living beings as they regarded it as function of God. CBSE class 12 History Kings and Chronicles class 12 Notes History in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. Literary Source: Ain-i-Akbari It was written by Abul Fazi. In this article on Medieval India, we cover the Mughal Dynasty. Babur also defeated the Afgans in battle of Gogra in Bihar. His ambition was to conquer Samarkand, the seat of Timur. Paintings were done on the choronicles to make them attractive. Some important officials were Mir Bakshi (paymaster general), Diwan-i ala (Finance minister) and sadr-us-sudur (minister of grants and incharge of appointing local judges or qazis), etc. 1668 – Alamgir Nama was written by Muhammad Kazim. The emperor personally reviewed changes in rank, titles and official postings. Tajwiz: A petion presented to the emperor by a nobleman recommending an application to the post of a mansabdar. MCQ Questions for Class 7 History: Ch 4 The Mughal Empire. Studyrankers is a free educational platform for cbse k-12 students. He was related to Timur from his father’s side and Chengiz Khan to his mother’s side. Akbar proclaimed his own religion Din-i-Ilahi, against the bigotry of orthodox Ulemas. the Red Fort, Jama Masjid at Delhi were built under his rule. Chahar taslim: A form of salutation to the emperor which is done four times. The Mughal emperors and their mansabdars spent a great deal of their income on salaries and goods. The division of functions established at the centre was replicated in the provinces (subas). MCQ Questions for Class 7 History: Ch 4 The Mughal Empire. Akbar did not only consolidate his empire but also made it one of the strongest empires of his time. The administrative and military efficiency of the Mughal Empire led to great economic and commercial prosperity. Turkish was the mother tongue of Mughals, but it was Akbar who made Persian the leading language of Mughal court. NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History. Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire. First he established himself at Kabul and then in 1526 came to Indian sub-continent. Babur's reign was brief (1526-1530) but he laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire in India. Modern historians called these texts as chronicles, as they presented a continuous chronological record of events. Jahangir’s rule was full of rebellions. Akbar and Abu’l Fazl tried to create a philosophy of light and used it to shape the image of the king and ideology of the state. 1527 – defeated Rana Sanga, Rajput rulers and allies at Khanua. Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire. He waged wars with Rajputs expanding his empire to include Punjab, Sind, Multan, Bundelkhand. Abu’l Fazl defined sovereignty as a social contract i.e., the emperor protected life, property, honour and faith and in return demanded obedience and a share of resources. The wealthier peasantry and artisanal groups, the … Akbar’s favourite calligraphy style was the nastaliq, a fluid style with long horizontal strokes.  He built Purana Qila in Delhi. Akbar had three fairly able successors Jahangir (1605-27), Shah Jahan (1628-58) and Aurangzeb (1658-1707). the Rajput Policy of Akbar is lauded by many historians. Persian was patronised by Mughal Emperors. As the Mughals became powerful, several rulers voluntarily submitted to their authority. These books talk about servants of emperor, administration, judicial departments, Hindu philosophies, sayings of Akbar etc. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE NOTES. We have Provided The Mughal Empire Class 7 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. Both the Rajputs and the Mughals took marriage as a way at cementing political relationships and forging alliances. he is known for his strict administration. INCOMMING TRAFFIC. All conquerors who sought to make their way into the Indian sub-continent had to cross the Hindukush mountains. Jizya: A tax imposed on non-muslims in lieu of military service. The Mughal kings celebrated three major festivals in a year i.e. TNPSC General Studies History free study course. Revision Notes for Class 9; Revision Notes for Class 8; About Us. The famous chronicles are Akbar Nama, Shahjahan Nama and Alamgir Nama. Two most important illustrated Mughal official histories were—Akbar Nama and Badshah Nama. Here are some important notes and points on Mughal Empire for your various upcoming competitive examinations. the solar and lunar. According to the emperor it began his day at sunrise with a few religious prayer and then used to appear in a small balcony, i.e. Next Prev Home. Captain William Hawkins of East India Company came to Jahangir’s court. Though the Ranas of Mewar remained defiantto Muslim rule. birthdays of the Monarch and Nauroz, the Iranian New Year on the vernal equinox. As the Mughals became powerful, several rulers voluntarily submitted to their authority. Chronicles commissioned by the Mughal emperors are an important source for studying the empire and its court. Educational Study Material. Two ruling groups of Indian origin, the Rajputs and the Indian Muslims (Shaikhzadas) entered the imperial service from 1560 onwards. Mughals and Marathas. Chronicles of the Mughal Emperor provides us valuable informations about the institution of Mughal state. In 2nd Battle of panipat, Hemu was defeated and Mughals won. Persian language was made the language of administration throughout, but local languages were used for village accounts. The bazaar of Chandni Chowk was designed by Jahanara. Babur’s successor, Nasiruddin Humayun (1530-40, 1555-56) expanded the frontiers of the empire, but lost it to the Afghan leader Sher Shah Sur. After the death of Auranzeb (1707), the power of Mughal dynasty diminished. Question 3. He also patronized learned men like Malik muhammad Jayasi who rote Padmavar under his reign. Increasingly, Akbar moved away from the orthodox Islamic ways of understanding religions towards a self-conceived eclectic form of divine worship focused on light and sun. The jats and Satnamis along with Sikhs revolted during his reign. 3 Mughal army on campaign. To manage the vast empire and organize the army, Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system. His name was Salim. The Mughal artists, from the 17th century onwards began to portray emperor wearing the haloto symbolise the light of God. Sher Shah built roads to strengthen communication, mainly 4 important highways. He was related to Timur from his father’s side and Chengiz Khan to his mother’s side. After that the emperor walked to the public hall of audience (Diwan-i-am) to conduct the primary business of his government. Mughal Emperors assumed many titles like Shahenshah, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, etc. He promoted art and culture during his reign. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Today we are providing aspirants important notes on the Mughal Empire. Gulbadan Begum, daughter of Babur wrote ‘Humayun Nama’ which was considered as an important source of Mughal Empire. He is considered greatest monarchs of India. He was a Chagatai Turkic prince and was descended from the Turkic conqueror Timur (Tamerlane) on his father’s side and Genghis Khan, on his mother’s side. He was the eldest son of Babur and ascended the throne in 1530. He defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in Battle of Khanua in 1527 near Agra. In 1570, Akbar decided to build a new capital, Fatehpur Sikri. In ICSE Class 9, History is one of the challenging subjects of all as it includes all chapters. i.e. The name Mughal derives from the term ‘Mongol’. The keeping of exact and detailed rewards was a major concern of the Mughal administration. 1556 – After the second battle of Panipat Akbar succeeds to the throne. The Mughal Empire 1 2. Akbar’s quest for religions knowledge led to interfaith debates in the Ibadat Khana at Fatehpur Sikri, between learned Muslims, Hindus, Jainas, Parsis and Christians. the land revenue was fixed on the average yield of land assessed based on past ten years records. Humayun then escaped to Iran for next fifteen years. Its first two volumes were written by Lahori, which were later on revised by Wazir Sadullah Khan. Class 6 CBSE Notes PDF Class 7 CBSE Notes PDF Class 8 CBSE Notes PDF Class 9 CBSE Notes PDF Class 10 CBSE Notes PDF Class 11 CBSE Notes PDF Class 12 CBSE Notes PDF. Later, it was revised by Sadullah Khan. These points might come quite handy for Prelims and Mains. Select the desired chapter to access all the relevant notes, study material, practice papers, sample papers, questions & test solutions and videos. These texts clearly depicted the policies of Mughal Empire which they sought to impose on their domain. Mughal chronicles were written by mostly Mughal courtiers, who mainly focused on the events related to the rulers, their family, the court and wars and the administration. Zahiruddin Babur was related to Ghenghis Khan from his mother’s side. Students can also use CBSE Notes Class 7 History Chapter 4-The Mughal Empire to revise the entire Chapter for the exam. Thus, the Mughal tried to ward off this potential danger, and tried to control Kabul and Qandahar. He defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in Battle of Khanua in 1527 near Agra. Below, a crowd wanted to have a look of the emperor. The Asiatic Society of Bengal founded by Sir William Jones in 1784 undertook the editing, printing and translation of many Indian manuscripts, including Akbar Nama and Badshah Nama. Question 2. Who wrote Ain-i-Akbari. << Click here for list of important financial committes>>, << Read about Geomorphic processes here>>, Mughal Empire – History Study Material & Notes, Land Revenue System of British in India – History study Material & Notes, Economic impact of British Rule in India- History Study Material & Notes, Anglo Maratha Wars – History Study Material & Notes, Anglo Mysore Wars – History Study Material & Notes. Get The Mughal Empire, History and Civics Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. He married the daughter of Raja Bharmal, thus maintining friendly relations with them. 1585 – Akbar shifted his capital from Fatehpur Sikri to Lahore. The Mughal Empire 1. He was granted permission after initial resistance. Sources Literary Monuments 2 3. In Akbar’s imperial service Turani and Iranian nobles played a dominant role. The local administration was looked after the level of the paragana by three semi-hereditary officers, the qanungo (keeper of revenue records), the chaudhuri (incharge of revenue collection) and the qazi. This forms a part of the syllabus for Class 9 Social Science History of ICSE. (ii) The Mughal empire was very large and therefore for running the administration and maintaining law and order, a huge amount of finance is needed which comes from the revenue. Halotoâ symbolise the light of God of CBSE Class 12 Notes History in Pdf are available for download...: a form of salutation to the public hall of audience ( Diwan-i-am to. Babur also defeated the Afgans in Battle of Panipat Akbar succeeds to the emperor personally reviewed in... He married the daughter of Babur wrote ‘ Humayun Nama ’ which remained in til. 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